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What is a melanin suppressant?

 

A melanin suppressant is a topical substance that interferes with the biochemical process that produces melanin in skin cells. These agents work by chemically stopping physiological reactions that are needed for melanin to be formed in the skin.

The most commonly used melanin suppressant is a drug ingredient called Hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is used in over-the-counter drug preparations in up to 2% concentration, and in prescription topical medications, Hydroquinone is used in 4-6% concentrations, and occasionally higher. Hydroquinone is available in cream, lotion, gel and serum forms. Hydroquinone is often used in conjunction with keratolytic (peeling) and exfoliating agents such as alpha hydroxyl acids or tretinoin (the active ingredient in Retin- A) or other retinoids. The exfoliating agents help with penetration of the hydroquinone, and removing surface keratinocytes (surface cells)   that are already stained with Melanin.

In prescription medications, hydroquinone may be combined with tretinoin and sometimes is combined with a steroid ingredient. This three-way combination is sometimes effective in treating stubborn melasma. Due to the rather toxic nature of Hydroquinone, it is not utilized in Sweetsation products. Other natural skin brightening alternatives are used.

Arbutin, Kojic acid, and bearberry extract, are used in “skin brightening” products. All of these agents work in a similar manner to hydroquinone. In mild cases, topical vitamin C can help lighten dark spots.

In mild cases, topical Vitamin C can help lighten dark spots. In its ester form, Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate or Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate. It is used extensively throughout Asia in many skin care products. It is most effective when used with an alpha hydroxyl acid serum and a good daily sunscreen.

 

How to treat brown spots and uneven skin?

The most important concept is to avoid sun and use a sunscreen on a daily basis. Ideally, this sunscreen should be built into a daily moisturizer that is individualized for the person’s skin type. The sunscreen should be broad-spectrum and have an SPF of at least 15, although SPF 30+ is often recommended for skin with hyperpigmentation.
 
The second concept is to remove dead surface cells that are already stained with melanin, most often accomplished with the use of a chemical exfoliant, such as Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA). Glycolic acid and Lactic acid are the most frequently used AHAs. Although Mandelic acid delivers the same results but fewer skin irritations. The acid is usually in the form of a serum, gel or lotion and may be used once or twice a day at home.
 
All AHA products must be used in conjunction with an SPF-15 or higher sunscreen, which is even more important when treating hyperpigmentation. Alpha hydroxyl acids work by dissolving the bond between dead cells, allowing surface cells to fall off the skin surface. Because these cells are already stained with pigment, removing them reveals cells underneath that may be non-stained, lighter in pigment content and color.
 
In many cases of minor splotchy mottling due to sun exposure, the use of an AHA containing product, along with sunscreen and sun avoidance, significantly lightens discolorations in a matter of weeks or months. Continued use of such products and sunscreen will result in further normalization of skin color.
 
Another helpful concept in hyperpigmentation treatment is the use of a product that contains a melanin suppressant alone. Especially if your skin is too sensitive to AHAs.
 
BioRadiance Botanical Cellular Brightening Treatment with Mandelic acid, Kojic acid & Alpha-Arbutin, 60ml
BioRadiance Botanical Cellular Brightening Treatment with Mandelic acid, Kojic acid & Alpha-Arbutin, 60ml
£29.90
C*Bella Organic Brightening Toner with Vitamin C and Enzymes, 180 ml
C*Bella Organic Brightening Toner with Vitamin C and Enzymes, 180 ml
£19.00
I*Light Organic Advanced Brightening and Line Smoothing Eye Treatment with Caffeine, Caviar, Arnica, CoQ10 and Reishi, 15 ml
I*Light Organic Advanced Brightening and Line Smoothing Eye Treatment with Caffeine, Caviar, Arnica, CoQ10 and Reishi, 15 ml
£22.00
Lumi'Essence Body Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatment with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C, 150 ml
Lumi'Essence Body Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatment with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C, 150 ml
£39.00
Lumi'Essence Face & Body Duo Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatments with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C
Lumi'Essence Face & Body Duo Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatments with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C
£69.00 £65.90
Lumi*Essence Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatment with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C, 60 ml
Lumi*Essence Organic Advanced Brightening Repair Treatment with Kojic Acid, Arbutin & Vitamin C, 60 ml
£31.00 £29.00
Sun Si'belle Broad Spectrum Mineral Sunscreen SPF 30, tinted, with antioxidants, 100 ml
Sun Si'belle Broad Spectrum Mineral Sunscreen SPF 30, tinted, with antioxidants, 100 ml
£32.00 £23.90
Sun'n'Fun Broad Spectrum Mineral Sunscreen for Kids SPF 30, with Antioxidants, Marshmallow and Chocolate, 100 ml
Sun'n'Fun Broad Spectrum Mineral Sunscreen for Kids SPF 30, with Antioxidants, Marshmallow and Chocolate, 100 ml
£22.00 £12.90
Tres Belle Organic Brightening Toner with AHA & Skin Superfood
Tres Belle Organic Brightening Toner with AHA & Skin Superfood
£19.00
Ultimate Sun Spots Remover Collection BioRadiance Botanical Cellular Brightening Treatment & Tres Belle Organic Brightening Toner
Ultimate Sun Spots Remover Collection BioRadiance Botanical Cellular Brightening Treatment & Tres Belle Organic Brightening Toner
£48.00
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